“Doing Mathematics should always mean finding patterns and crafting beautiful and meaningful explanations.” – Paul Lockhart


Teaching of Maths

We take great pride in our work at Mersey Park Primary School and our Maths work is no exception.  We enjoy celebrating other peoples success and linking our Maths work to our curriculum topics.


Power Maths – Key Stage 1

Power Maths teaching programme is fully embedded within Key Stage One. This teaching programme aims to help children deepen their knowledge of mathematical concepts and encourages them to explain their thinking.

Each mathematical topic is approached in the same way with the same three steps:

1. Practical – the children are encouraged to use concrete manipulative (equipment) to practically solve a problem. They are encouraged at this time to explain what they have used and why and what this is showing. By using practical equipment, the children begin to create pictures in their mind which they will be able to use and draw upon this ‘hands on’ learning in the future.


2. Pictures – the children then begin to draw pictorial representations of a problem to help find a solution. They are shown a range of models which they could use to show their thinking and are encouraged to record their pictorial representations in whichever way makes sense to them.


3. Number sentences – the final stage is to record their problem as an abstract number sentence and solve the problem that way.


We have been very impressed with the results so far and have seen a huge increase in the children’s confidence and ability to explain their thinking and give reasons for their answers. This programme will be introduced into Key Stage Two in September 2018, when the new materials are published.


Key Stage 2

Key Stage Two are continuing to embed the use of Power Maths into the Maths curriculum. This teaching programme is supplemented by a range of resources from White Rose.

Throughout school the use of apparatus is recognised as an important component to developing understanding of key concepts. Every child has free access to maths trays containing a range of equipment, including place value counters, diennes and place value charts. Teachers encourage children to identify the apparatus that will support their thinking as they tackle maths activities.

Peer coaching is also used as an effective strategy to engage and encourage learning within maths. In Upper Key Stage Two, children will often work together to complete skills checks, reasoning tasks or other such mathematical challenges.


Topics of Study

The tables below provide an indication of the topics covered each term for each year group.

Year 1:


Year 2:


Year 3


Year 4


Year 5


Year 6


Ready To Progress Criteria

Shown below is the ‘Ready to Progress’ criteria for each year group in six key mathematical areas:

  • Place Value
  • Fluency
  • Addition and Subtraction
  • Multiplication and Division
  • Fractions
  • Geometry

For pupils to be able to successfully access the curriculum in the next academic year, they should leave their current year group being able to understand and use the mathematical skills and knowledge listed. (Click on the tables below to enlarge)


Number: Place Value


Number: Fluency



Addition and Subtraction


Multiplication and Division







Below are links to our updated Maths Calculation Policies:

KS1 Calculation Policy

LKS2 Calculation Policy

UKS2 Calculation Policy